Naming the Beasts of the Hunt

This is from Sports and Pastimes of he People of England, published in 1801. Twice or Twety, grand huntsman to Edward II divides animals to be hunted into 3 groups:

The first class contains four, which may be properly called beasts for hunting; namely, the hare, the hart, the wolf, and the wild boar.

The second class contains the names of the beasts of the chase, and they are five; … the buck, the doe, the fox, the matin and the roe.

In he third class we find three, that are said to afford “greate disport” in the pursuit, and they are denominated, the grey or badger, the wild-cat and the otter.

Most of the books upon hunting agree in the number and names of the fist class; but respecting the second and third they are not so clear. The beasts of the chase in some are more multifarious, and divided into two classes: the first called beasts of sweet flight, are the buck, the doe, the bear,t he rein deer, the elk, and the spytard, which, as the author himself informs us, is a hart 100 years old. In the second class, are placed the fulimart, the fitchat, or fitch, the cat, the grey, the fox, the wesel, the martin, the squirrel, the white rat, the otter, the stoat and the pole-cat; and these are said to be of stinking-flight.

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